Cudowna kreacja przestrzeni w powieści Selmy Lagerlöf o nilsie holgerssonie

Michał Rogoż


[Wonderful creation of space in Selma Lagerlöf’s story of Nils Holgersson]

The Wonderful Adventures of Nils (Nils Holgerssons underbara resa genom Sverige) by Selma Lagerlöf employs one of the most frequently used literary themes – a journey. The story is explicitly didactic. First of all, it was written with the school education in mind, and it was supposed to be a lecture on geography and history of the motherland, delivered in the form of a story, which would be attractive for children. Secondly, similarly to Scandinavian sagas, the hero struggles with his weaknesses, and his adventures are accompanied by the clearly pictured world of values; almost each fragment of the text contains a moral which indicates the appropriate behaviour. Space fulfils an important role in the novel. It is the main theme of the story; it is also an element that undergoes various changes. It is simultaneously a particular geographical area that sets up the story frames, and mental space, a route that heroes must follow to reach katharsis. The literary space is filled by nature, total in character. A part of it are elements of civilization and culture: towns, people, and all effects of their work. In spite of great geographical particularity (the text contains a couple hundred place names), Selma Lagerlöf’s novel remains a carrier of universal values and can be read and understood also without reference to the map of Sweden.

Słowa kluczowe

Lagerlöf Selma (1858-1940); powieść młodzieżowa szwedzka; historia; 1901-1914 r.

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